cloudy
Mo 17.6.
17/24°
overcast
Tu 18.6.
18/26°
cloudy
We 19.6.
18/29°

THE HISTORY OF PRAGUE

  • From the 4th century BC – the oldest evidence of an ancient settlement in the area around Prague
  • 5th/4th century BC – Celtic fortress at Závist u Zbraslavi, from the 2nd century BC the local opidum was the centre of Celts living in the Czech basin
  • After the year 9 BC – Marobud brought Markomans into the Czech lands (royal seat in Bubenec)
  • 539 – the Langobard king Wacho dies
  • 5th – 6th century - the arrival of the Slavs
  • 6th century – a Slavic culture of the Prague type with its centre at Roztoky u Prahy
  • 8th century – the oldest settlement in the future Old Prague (settlement in Lesser Town)
  • 8th –9th century – the founding of Prague Castle (founded as the seat of the princedom before the year 880 – the beginning of Premyslian rule)
  • 926 – the Rotunda of St. Vitus founded in Prague Castle
  • 973 – the Prague bishopric founded
  • 11th century – the rise of stone Romanesque buildings in Prague
  • 1135–82 – the Romanesque reconstruction of Prague Castle
  • 1169 – the beginning of the construction of the Judita’s stone bridge
  • 1232–34 – Old Town receives the rights of a city and fortifications
  • 1257 – New Town founded, later called Smaller and now Lesser Town
  • 1310 – the beginning of Luxemburg rule
  • 1316 – the last great fire of Old Town
  • 1338 – Old Town receives the right to a town hall
  • 1344 – the Prague bishopric is raised to an archbishopric; the reconstruction of St. Vitus’ Cathedral begins
  • 1348 – Charles IV founds a university and New Town
  • 1357 – the construction of the stone Charles Bridge begins
  • 1402–13 – the reformer, Jan Hus, preaches at Bethlehem Chapel
  • 1419 – the first defenestration of aldermen and the beginning of the Hussite Wars
  • 1471 – the beginning of Jagiellon rule
  • 1483 – the second defenestration of Prague aldermen and the beginning of religious tolerance
  • 1486–1502 – the late Gothic reconstruction of Prague Castle
  • 1526 – the beginning of Hapsburg rule
  • 1541 – the fire of Lesser Town, Hradčany and Prague Castle
  • 1584–1612 – Prague is the residence of Emperor Rudolf II
  • 1618 – the third Prague defenestration and the beginning of the Thirty Years War
  • 1620 – the battle at Bíla hora (White Mountain) and the defeat of the Estates Uprising
  • 1648 – The Swedes plunder Rudolf’s collections, Prague Castle and Lesser Town
  • 1784 – the unification of Prague’s towns into the single city of Prague
  • 1787 – the première of Mozart’s Don Giovanni
  • 1818 – the founding of the National Museum
  • 1848 – the Slovak meeting in Prague; revolution
  • 1868 – the ceremonial laying of the first stone of the National Theatre
  • 1891 – Jubilee Exhibition and the flourishing of Art Nouveau in Prague
  • 1909–11 – the cubist House of the Black Madonna is built
  • 1918 – the Czechoslovak Republic is declared
  • 1939 – Hitler occupies Prague and the protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia is announced
  • 1945 – May’s Prague uprising and liberation
  • 1948 – the Communist coup
  • 1965 – the decision to build the underground (operation begins in 1974)
  • 1968 – occupation by the Warsaw Pact countries
  • 1989 – the “velvet” revolution and the renewal of democracy
  • 1992 – Prague added to UNESCO’s list of monuments
  • 1993 – the division of Czechoslovakia
  • 1999 – The Czech Republic becomes a member of NATO
  • 2004 – The Czech Republic joins the EU