almost clear
We 20.3.
3/8°
clear sky
Th 21.3.
1/12°
clear sky
Fr 22.3.
3/15°

Prague castle

Prague and its castle are inextricably linked. The significance of Prague Castle as a political and religious centre has not actually changed at all from its most ancient origins and has been the most sacred centre of Bohemia for 1,200 years. Prague Castle’s vantage point above the Vltava was advantageous for protection, and a settlement started on the banks of the Vltava. Archaeological evidence shows that a market grew up on the site of the present-day Lesser Town from the 8th century. A settlement developed on Hradčany during this period and it is highly probable that the religious and political function of Prague Castle arose at this time.

The oldest written records about the complex date from 880. At that time the Přemyslid Prince Bořivoj had it fortified and transferred his residence here from Levý Hradec, where he had built a palace earlier, and founded the Church of the Virgin Mary which is the second oldest in the Czech Republic. Archaeologists have established that the Prague Castle heights were the religious and political centre of Bohemia by 850 A.D. Bohemian nobles assembled, chose their Princes, and put them on the throne. At the same time, they worshiped the old pagan pre-Christian gods.


THE NEW PALACE, FIRST AND SECOND COURTYARDS

THE THIRD COURTYARD AND THE OLD ROYAL PALACE

ST. VITUS CATHEDRAL

THE CONVENT OF ST. GEORGE, VIKÁŘSKÁ AND JIŘSKÁ STREET

THE PRAGUE CASTLE GARDENS

THE CZECH CROWN JEWELS

SOVEREIGNS OVER THE CZECH LANDS AND PRAGUE CASTLE